Fruit Leather Workshop

Having used Fruit Leather in the past, there has been a realisation that this material is widely unknown. Through the process of dehydration the internal flesh of kiwis, with added honey, solidifies into a thin malleable layer after staying in the oven for around 5 hours at 60-70°C.


From this, we made individual cells and began to make our own skin. The translucent structure becomes reminiscent of the microscopic images that we have previously taken. The previously unknown intrinsic characteristics of the kiwi can now be easily viewed.


The main workshop with the Scouts provided a hands-on experience. Alongside using the microscope, we were able to provide a platform for the kids to reflect on what they had seen and discovered using the Fruit Leather. As a group, we wanted to try out different ways of working, by using different materials. Through these workshops, between 4D2PS and the Cubs, Beavers and Scouts, we were able to take our intention to collaborate even further, producing work with others who do not always engage with art, or even microscopes.

Cyantoype Workshop

For my workshop I wanted to teach everyone how to make photograms (a process in which the image is created without a camera) using the light sensitive chemical process of Cyanotype. Cyanotype is a photographic process in which any type of material is coated in a mixture consisting of toxic compounds (Potassium Ferricyannide and Ammonium Iron Cirtrate). These chemicals are light sensitive and turn cyan-coloured (blue) after being exposed to ultraviolet light from either a UV light-box or sunlight.

Though originally I was planning to hold this workshop outside with the other members of 4D2PS, unfortunately the poor weather conditions meant that I ended up taking objects from my group and printing them in the Camberwell Photography Darkroom, using the specially designed light-box. Here is what happened:

These images show coated canvas and paper. The solution is always green in colour before being exposed.


The objects are positioned on the dried, coated paper and then placed in a light-box.


An example of an exposed image. The coated canvas, as you can see below, has turned a darker colour after being exposed.


These are washed and exposed final images – hanging to dry.


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Scans of final images of string, plastic, and knitting needles.

Marbling Textures

In this workshop we attempted to illustrate a range of natural textures for example wood, plants, and rocks that were photographed around Kew Gardens. The main objective for this workshop was to see how the natural chemical reactions of the marbling  ink would react with the manipulation of the artist. This was to further understand how to convey art and science; the workshop focused on an area of texture in each given photo whilst relinquishing control of the medium. In turn, this created a body of work that became sporadic and unpredictable to imitate the characteristics of the textures.

The main inspiration for this workshop derived from the teachings of Wabi Sabi, you can find out more here!!


This is a development of the microscope workshop 4D2PS hosted. As shown in the images below, I have layered up the different patterns and compositions produced by this process, using both Marbling and Indian ink. The tiers of canvas have been used to reflect and engage with the features of snake skin, first discovered at the beginning of this project.


These were the images that were given out to members of 4D2PS to begin the workshop.

Etching Workshop

The exploration of etching techniques became a large part of my individual practice, so creating this kind of chemical reaction outside of a professional setting was a logical choice for one of our workshops. To be able to combine etching with cheap everyday materials (as we are only students with limited funds) meant a lot of deliberation was involved. In the end I came up with the idea of using Coca Cola as the main etching ‘acid’. Thus after researching similar etching processes I came across a website that provided a step by step guide with a clear (and perfect) outcome. Though this workshop failed we managed to print some interesting designs that corresponded with the flowing ink designs of the snake skin workshop.

The website provided the guidelines which helped prepare us for this etching workshop –


As these were only testers, I decided to decrease the size of the etch, which was fortunate due to the lack of image ideas on these small pieces. 18472418_1241315655980017_145101706_o

Realistically, after attaining more knowledge of this industrialised technique, I would keep the etches in the Coke for longer than the allotted 10 minute as unfortunately we were unable to really see a clear image even when we applied the ink to our designs. Yet the corrosive nature of fizzy drinks was present as in some places there were slight indents.

Overall the premise of this workshop was clear and with a little bit of tweaking could demonstrate how fun combining art and science can be – whilst also highlighting how corrosive fizzy drinks are! Using the consumer products meant that arguably it could simplify scientific or artistic techniques for domestic settings.